Plan

This is an expansive plan: the aisled seven-bay nave dilates into deep lateral chapels; there is a projecting transept and the choir has double aisles extending into a double ambulatory around a seven-segment hemicycle. The deeper axial chapel was rebuilt in the 14th century

Elevation

The nave has three stories of roughly equal height: the arcade is supported on compound piers; the middle level looks like a gallery each bay with two smaler arches occupting a major arch and a lower balustrade. It is, in fact, a triforium. The clerestory has a passage. The main vaults are quadripartite rib vaults. The choir has a pyramidal elevation like Bourges Cathedral with tall aisles/ambulatory surrounded by a lower outer space. The main piers support a thick arcade wall organized in a double order; this doubling is reflected in twin columns in the hemicycle. The main vessel has only two stories: the upper level is a tall clerestory with a passage shielded by balustrade.
The intermediary supports are slender columns; the choir aisle/ambulatory has its own triforium and clerestory
Above the crossing space rises an extraordinary lantern tower.

History

Bishop William Tournebu (1179-99) who probably initiated work on the nave had been dean of Bayeux Cathedral.
Bishop Hugh de Morville (1208-1238) presided over most of the Gothic construction: he was buried in the choir. An interegnum followed his death; in 1245 Gislanus became bishop,

Chronology

There is no documentation for the construction of the new nave, probably begun at the end of the twelfth century.
The choir and transept arms, sometimes dated in the mid-13th century were probably begun under Bishop Hugh and finished by around 1235. The life of Bishop Hugh is documented by Lindy Grant, who, noting his foundation of six chapels in the cathedral and his burial in the choir, suggests that he was a building bishop

Sculptural Program

Significance

The forms of the nave make direct references to Fécamp; work at Coutances parallels that at S-Laurent of Eu. Work on the Coutances nave probably came soon after the nave of Bayeux. Similarities of form in early Norman Gothic -- often looking back to S-Etienne of Caen-- reflect a network of connections amongst Norman prelates who tended to be conservative and to have strong local roots.
Grant, hailing the choir of Coutances as "the most beautiful Gothic structure in Normandy," proposed a Norman architect with a background in the choir of S-Etienne of Caen (particularly in relation to the linked spaces of the radiating chapels). Exterior massing in the two chevets is very similar. There are also strong links with the cloister of Mont-Saint-Michel and Hambye.

Bibliography

Beck, B., "Recherches sur les salles capitulaires en Normandie et notamment dans les diocèses d'Avranches, Bayeux et Coutances," Bulletin de la Société des antiquaires de Normandie, vol. 58, 1969, pp 7-118



Colmet-Daage, La cathédrale de Coutances, Paris, 1933.



Daireaux, C., La cathédrale de Coutances: son histoire du Moyen Age au XXe siècle, Coutances, 2008



Delamare, F. A., Essai ur la veritable origine et sur les vicissitudes de la cathédrale de Coutances, Caen, 1841



Fournée, J., Le Jugement dernier; essai d'exégèse d'une oeuvre d'art: le vitrail de la cathédrale de Coutances, Paris, 1964



Grant, Lindy, Architecture and Society in Normandy, New Haven, 2005, 168-174



Guest, G. B., "The prodigal's journey: ideologies of self and city in the Gothic cathedral," Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies, vol. 81:1, 2006, pp 35-75



Herschman, J., The thirteenth century chevet of the Cathedral of Coutances, PhD, New York University, 1978



Le Blond, M.; Masson, F., Coutances: un prêtre raconte sa cathédrale, Paris 1999



Le Texier, R., Coutances histoire et description, Coutances, 1973



Lefèvre-Pontalis, E., "Coutances, cathédrale," cong. arch., LXXV, 1908, I, 247-271



Lefranc-Tardif, Y.; Pouhier, E., Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Coutances, Rennes, 2006



Pigeon, E.A., Histoire de la Cathédrale de Coutances, Coutances, 1876



Pinel, L. C., Coutances et sa cathédrale, Coutances, 1963



Quenault, L., Recherches archéologiques sur la ville de Coutances, Marseille, 1977



Stöven, J., "Beschouwingen bij een "bouwschool": vorstelijke elementen an elfde-eeuwse kerken in Normandië," Bouwen en duiden: Studies over architectuur en iconologie, Ed. E. den Hartog, Alphen aan den Rijn, 1994, pp 53-77



Thibout. G., "Remarques sur l'église Saint-Pierre de Coutances," Bull mon, 100, 1941, 265


The Floorplan: Images & Panoramas
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  • Begun around 1190
  • Destroyed in 0
  • Latitude 49.0475997924805
  • Longitude -1.44424521923065
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